World Wildlife is facing a great threat nowadays. It’s just because of careless human activities. Various challenges are faced by wildlife include loss of habitat, industrialized farming, commercial development, and overgrazing. Animal poaching & trafficking is another reason to risk to numerous species like tigers, rhinos, and elephants, etc.
Theme: World Wildlife Day, 2020
“Sustaining all life on Earth” is the theme for world wildlife this year. It focuses on all wild animals and plant species as a component of the diversity and livelihoods of individuals mainly people who live closest to nature.
UN Sustainable Development Goals number 1, 12, 14 and 15, mentions it too. Their target is to take care of the loss of biodiversity, on alleviating poverty, ensuring sustainable use of resources and conserving life on land and below water.
History: World Wildlife Day
The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) on 20 December 2013 in its 68th session proclaimed 3rd March as the day of signature of the Convention on International trade in endangered species of wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) in 1973.
It’s observed as UN World Wildlife Day with the main motive to boost awareness and celebrate the world’s wild animals and plants, who are still surviving on the planet.
The CITES Secretariat was designated as the facilitator of the observance of Wildlife Day on the UN calendar by the resolution of UNGA.
The year 2020 is additionally called as a “biodiversity super year” and can host various major global events that target on biodiversity at the forefront of the worldwide sustainable development agenda.
It also provides a chance to deliver transformative for the conservation and sustainable development of wild animals and plants in response to global challenges that may be addressed with nature-based solutions.
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The GOI has started several important Environment and Biodiversity Acts that include:
- Biological Diversity Act, 2002
- Fisheries Act 1897
- Indian Forests Act 1927
- Environment Protection Act, 1986
- Mining And Mineral Development Regulation Act 1957
- Wildlife Protection Act, 1972
- Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974
- Forest Conservation Act, 1980
- Prevention of Cruelty To Animals 1960
- Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981
- Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Rights) Act, 2006
Important projects for Wildlife protection by the Indian Government apart from this.
Project Tiger: Project Tiger was initiated in 1972, which not only focused on the conservation of tigers but also of the whole ecosystem. It was sponsored by the Ministry of Environment Forest and global climate change.
It covers about 47 tiger reserves situated in more than 17 regions including Corbett national park, Uttrakhand and Ranthambore national park, Rajasthan that conducts several assessments of numerous tigers and a keen study under the supervision by Tiger Task Force about their habitat, hunting habits.
There is no doubt that Project Tiger helped the country in the recovery of the habitat and increase the population of the tigers.
Crocodile Conservation Project: The GOI started a Project for Crocodile conservation. As we all know that the species of crocodiles are on the verge of extinction.
The main objective of this project is to guard the remaining population of crocodiles by establishing sanctuaries in order to safeguard their natural habitat.
It’ll also promote captive breeding, improve management and also by involving the local people in the project.
Project Elephant: The GOI started this Project Elephant in 1992 for elephant & their habitat conservation. This project also focused on developing the migratory routes with the assistance of scientific and planned management measures.
It too highlights the welfare of the domestic elephants and considering the problems like mitigation of human-elephant conflict.
UNDP ‘Sea Turtle’ Project: In November 1999 the Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun started the UNDP ‘Sea Turtle’ Project with an aim to conserve the Olive Ridley Turtles.
The 10 coastal states in India mainly Odisha was focused on this project. In this, a map of breeding sites of Sea Turtles was prepared for identifying the breeding places and habitats along the coastline and migratory routes that were taken by Sea Turtles.
The Vulture Conservation and India Rhino Vision (IRV) 2020 is another such project by GOI.
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Several international projects and schemes are also signed by India with its neighboring countries.
Therefore, it’s important to conserve wildlife and with the govt, it’s our duty also to safeguard flora and fauna and to take some steps associated with it.
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