This content on “Dowry: The Evil Eye For Indian Society”; is by Nalini Singh. She is pursuing Law from IMS Law College, Noida and is Content Writer & Legal Researcher at Legal Thirst.
” Happiness resides where women are honoured.”
In India, it is said that marriages are solemnized by the grace and sanction of almighty on the other hand we also witness some glutinous crowd in the society who are sitting like a vulture to grasp other’s bread and butter call it as “Dowry System” since centuries this custom is being followed up in India and flourishing with time. In the ancient times there was no compulsion, but in recent times this system has taken a very ugly shape, It is now demanded and settled after a lot of negotiations and bargain. Performing marriage with the coming desire of commanding for goods, cash, property has nearly degraded the name of “marriage”.
Present Condition on Dowry In India
Dowry is terrible and unprincipled practice which is blooming day by day in India by the report of NCRB, 2019 dowry death cases in India amounted to more than 7 thousand (on recorded) and many such more cases which are yet not lodged. In the same year Uttar Pradesh and Bihar had the highest number of reported dowry death cases where registered with the authorities. This category of crime came under the purview of Section 304-B of the Indian Penal Code. It denotes the dreadful situations which is being created by the time “dowry”.
Root of many Crimes
It is contemplated as a significant contributor towards domestic violence cases with the passage of time dowry has indulged many attributes like demanding diplomatically manipulating bride for forcing her parents to get more assets and favours done, such immoral proceedings are being carried which is not only hazardous towards bride on the contrary to her family members, who are directly getting distressed by such events. Asking bride’s family for unforeseen amount of money and bearing items before solemnizing marriage is an alarming situation which one goes through at that point of time father of bride tends to keep his property in mortgage for fulfilling the demand, even after doing every asked think it does not stop right here.
The gluttonous increases as wedding date comes nearby. Currently, dowry rates are being established according to the profession of groom. If he belongs to the category of “Government Job” the rate undeniably accelerates however the excellence and credibility of bride doesn’t make any difference to groom family, along with all these facts there is an astonishing data that women are tremendously immersed into this process of dowry as we hear that mother’s /sister of groom are more biggish towards this process.
Dowry: Marriage Settlement
Dowry has gained its own name as “marriage settlement” where marriage is being conducted with certain terms and conditions. In our culture we used to classify marriage as divine integrity. However, it has turned into a mere contract. This is like a chronic disease which is emerging more among accomplished and certified people. Now let us think about the situation; where an non-wealthy family goes through rejection in view of the point he/ she wasn’t able to fulfil desired amount. The amount of mental trauma a family goes through is immeasurable; and can be represented via words, the quantity of embarrassment and discomfort; it leads to effects the “bride” is supreme.
Now coming to the point, where the bride goes to her in-laws house and faces multiple mental tortures, diplomatic questions; which makes her feel discomfort and hard to live. The feeling by which women (bride) goes through is tearful after frequent reminders from her spouse and in laws family. She become constraint to lay down the new demands as it has been witnessed in many cases; that if bride family succumbs to reach the target in given time thereupon bride has to go through several physical assault; and sometimes even a plan to conduct a cold-blooded murder which is known as dowry death, how horrible it sounds .
Rajbir@ Raju & Aur Vs.State of Haryana ) AIR 2011 SC 568
There is a landmark case of Dowry deaths in India; where the wife was murdered by her husband in a very barbaric manner by hitting her head and strangulating despite knowing the fact she was 4 months pregnancy.
Reason of her death was that she couldn’t fulfil his dowry thrust which was increasing rapidly after months of marriage. Later case went into trial court and deceased (husband) and his mother was found guilty and awarded life imprisonment. An appeal preferred by petitioner. High Court of Punjab and Haryana reduce life imprisonment into 10 years rigorous punishment to husband and 2 years rigorous punishment to mother-in-law of deceased. Justice was served but two lives were lost. This intensifying hunger of dowry made (deceased) family’s life a real nightmare and served them with unpleasant days.
Number of reported Dowry Case in India 2019 by Leading State
|S. No.||Name of State||No. of Reported Cases|
To remove this abominable practice from nation, our Indian Legal System has made strict laws named “Dowry provision Act, 1961” which was passed in 1961 and it prohibits giving and taking dowry, and if somebody found giving or taking dowry after the commencement of this Act shall be punished with imprisonment not less than 5 years. Keeping in mind women safeguard section 498A of Indian Penal Code was formed which stands for domestic violence against women in our legal system.
It is established as cognizable and non bailable offence and Section 198A of Criminal Procedure Code 1973 moreover government of India has also passed legislation for Muslim women “Protection of Rights on Marriage Act” which prohibits Triple Talak. If someone found doing or engaging in that act shall be held guilty and imprisoned for a term not less than three years. Therefore, government and legal system has protected and encroached women’s safety and has provided adequate legal remedies. However, we need to spread legal awareness to women who are unfamiliar with these terms.
For get rid from this dreadful dowry disease, we need to educate our daughters and make them independent on their foot. Legal awareness is also very significant to every daughter and mother in family, apart from all these social and mental grooming is the prominent factor which would lead to excellence in order to get relived from this.
The magnitude of the problem of dowry today is to be assessed not only on the basis of the increasing number of the reported case of burning birds but also a good number of girls remaining unmarried even after crossing the marriageable age due to their parents inability to pay handsome dowry amount is basically a social and cultural problem which cannot be eradicated by law alone. Foe this eradication, the society will need to fight from the grass root level. We know that success of all legislation depends upon the support of general public You should be taught the importance of new social value which can be attend only after getting education.
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